When seconds count, HANDS-ONLY™ CPR can help save a life. Following a cardiac event, the body becomes deprived of oxygen, putting heart and brain function in jeopardy. The HANDS-ONLY™ CPR technique aids oxygen delivery and sustains heart and brain function until first responders arrive to administer more sophisticated medical measures.
Here are five to help if you are in a position to administer lifesaving assistance:
- Check the patient’s responsiveness. Shake the unresponsive person by the shoulders and speak loudly to them in an attempt to rouse them.
- Check their breathing and pulse. Can you see their chest rising and falling indicating that they are breathing and exchanging oxygen? Can you find a pulse in their neck? If not, the person is likely in need of CPR.
- Call 911. Operators are trained to provide coaching over the phone and can talk you through the steps for administering CPR until emergency medical technicians arrive.
- Administer chest compressions. Place hands in the center of the chest and begin compressions, hard and fast, at a rate of 100 beats per minute.
- Recheck breathing and pulse. Is the person breathing independently again or is a pulse detectable in the carotid artery? If so, stop compressions. If not, continue compressions until emergency responders arrive.
Administering chest compressions can be hard to do for a long period of time. If necessary, engage other bystanders in providing assistance by calling 9-1-1 and taking turns administering CPR. HANDS-ONLY™ CPR and CPR certification is available from the American Heart Association or through the ProMedica CPR Rescue Training Center.